INTERNATIONAL GRAIN PROCESSING RESEARCH & TRAINING CENTRE (IGPRTC)
India is the world’s second-largest producer of Rice, Wheat, and other cere- als. The huge demand for cereals in the global market is creating an excellent environment for the export of Indian Cereal Products. Now, seeing the huge demand in the global market and the country’s surplus production, the Coun- try has lifted the ban, but only a limited amount of export of the commodity is allowed. The allowed marginal quantity of exported cereals could not make any significant impact either on domestic prices or storage conditions.
The important cereals are; wheat, paddy, sorghum, millet (Bajra), barley and maize, etc. According to the final estimate for the year 2011-12 by the Ministry of Agriculture of India, the production of major cereals like rice, maize, and bajra stood at 105 million tonnes, 21.76 million tonnes, and 10.28 million tonnes respectively. India is not only the largest producer of cereal as well as the largest exporter of cereal products in the world. India’s export of cereals stood at Rs. 52567.81 crore during the year 2012-13. Rice (including Basmati and Non-Basmati) occupy the major share in India’s total cereals export with 64.40% during the same period. Whereas, other cereals including wheat represent 35.60% share of total cereals exported from India during this period. The major importing countries of India’s cereals during the period were Iran, Saudi Arabia, Indonesia, UAE, and Bangladesh.
The term ‘Grain’ normally applies to the genera and species of the grass fam- ily (Poaceae) and includes the pseudocereals and other cereal grains. Primary milling of grains is considered to be an important activity in the grain-processing segment of the industry. Currently, India is one of the largest producers of ce- reals and grains, with long-grained basmati rice leading the rest. Besides in the country, we cultivate a variety of millets.
Mission, Vision, Objective
Our Vision is a world in which the poor, especially women and children, are healthier and more food-secure as a result of consuming more affordable and widely available grain legumes, enriching their diets with more protein, oil, and micronutrients. We also envision more sustainable and remunerative smallholder farming systems as a result of increased grain legume cultivation, particularly through soil nitrogen enrichment, increased land cover reducing land degradation, improved fodder quality improving the health of the family’s livestock, and increased income from market sales of grain and fodder that enhances economic sustainability and resilience.
Our Mission is to increase the production, value, and nutritional quality of grain legumes cultivated in the poorest regions of the world, thereby reducing the poverty, hunger, and malnutrition of smallholder farm families while improving the sustainability of their farming systems. In more specific terms, we pursue this mission through the objectives described below. Grain Legumes improve the productivity and stability of these crops in diverse farming systems. Grain Legumes enables partners and farmers to ease productivity constraints, overcome barriers to technology adoption and use, and manage threats to production. New varieties with higher and more reliable yields are reaching more farmers, particularly those cultivating marginal lands. Enlarged harvests are improving household food supplies and incomes.
Major activities of the centre are:-
Assistance to food industries based on grains (cereals, millets, pulses).
To give solutions to the problems of grain exporters.
Skilling through training across the globe with a focus to cater Asiatic region.
Collaboration at national and international level.
Novel process and products with grain, legumes and coarse grain.
Design and development of wide range of equipment such as mini-mills, versatile mills, hand operated mills and hullers for grain processing industry.
Processes development for ready mixes for many popular and traditional foods.
Basis research on the grain chemistry and quality of cereals and pulses and their products.